Low Impact Development Resources

Kitsap Building Association's low impact development project.

Below you will find a variety of resources-articles, reports, links and references-to LID material available from other resources, was well as information and tools specifically developed by the Department of Ecology and partner organizations.

Best Management Practices (BMPs) and Techniques


Pulling Together Pieces of the Stormwater Puzzle Bye-bye Retention Ponds Chicago's Green Alley
Permeable Pavers Pervious Pavements Understanding Pervious Concrete Pervious Paving Cuts
Porous Pavements Q & A Pourous Asphalt Pavement 20 Years and Still Working An Interview with Thomas Cahill
Rain Gardens: A Paradox of Nature Rain Gardens Reign A Rain Garden to Stop the Rainfall Rainwater Harvesting Assessing Rain Garden Performance
Green Roofs Green Roof Hydrology Waterproofing Design for Green Roofs

Design and Modeling Tools


Keeping a LID on Runoff, 2010 Integrating Stormwater: The Role of Landscape Architecture and Site Design in Stormwater Treatment, 2009 The Navy and Stormwater, 2010


Western Washington Continuous Simulation Hydrology Model
Kitsap County Low Impact Development Guidance Manual
Urban Design Tools, a site developed through a cooperative assistance agreement with the EPA

Manuals and Guidelines


Yakima Regional LID Stormwater Design Manual, 2011

LID: A Literature Review, 2000 (EPA) Natural Drainage Practices, 2009 (WA) Builders Back Guide to LID (NAHB) Municipal Guide to LID (NAHB)


Yakima County Low Impact Development Management Practices

Stormwater Management Manual for Western Washington, 2012
Stormwater Management Manual for Eastern Washington, 2016
LID Technical Guidance Manual for Puget Sound, 2012
Puget Sound Partnership
Integrating LID into Local Codes: A Guidebook for Local Governments,2012

Technical Resources


New LID Tools, 2010 (WA) Stormwater Infiltration in Clay Soils, 2007 (NC) The Broadview Project: A Pilot Project to Reduce Stormwater Runoff (WA)


Puget Sound Partnership, Update, 2010 Untreated Highway Runoff in W. Washington, 2007 Barriers to Stormwater Infiltration, 2003 (WI) Permeable Pavement for Stormwater Management: A Guide and Research Summary Reducing Stormwater Costs, 2007 (EPA) Reducing Stormwater Costs Fact Sheet, 2007 (EPA) Solutions for Groundwater Mounding Under Infiltration Sites, 2005
Out of the Gutter: Reducing Stormwater in Washington, D.C., 2002 Long-term Performance of Permeable Pavement Systems, 2003 (WA) On the Physics of LID - Permeable Pavement The Practice of LID (HUD)
Q & A: Reducing Stormwater Costs Through LID (EPA) Restoring Soil Health to Urbanized Lands (OR) Performance of Porous Asphalt, 2006 (University of New Hampshire) The Effects of Trees on Stormwater Runoff (Seattle, WA) Benefits of a Porous Asphalt Overlay, 2006 (TX)


LID Technical Workshop Series, Washington State University Extension

Other Website Resources

Water Quality: Stormwater, Washington State Department of Ecology (DOE)
DOE Stormwater Permit Implementation
DOE Municipal Stormwater General Permits Phase I and Phase II
DOE Timeline for Phase II Western Washington Permits
DOE Run-off Controls for Construction and Post-construction Programs
DOE Flow Chart for Determining LID Requirements (Req. #5)
King County (WA) Phase I Permit FAQs
Washington Stormwater Center: A collaboration between the University of Washington and Washington State University
LID Stormwater Research Program, Washington State University
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Water:LID
Low Impact Development Center, A non-profit organization dedicated to the advancement of LID technology

As we continue to populate the site with LID resources, please feel free to contact us at 360-352-7800 if you would like to provide feedback or have material you would like to consider for inclusion.

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